Posts Tagged apologia biology module 6

Apologia Biology: Module 6 Experiments

I don’t know which was more fun, seeing plasmolysis in action or seeing all our Incredible Edible Cells!  The students all did a great job on their project this week.

In Experiment 6.1, we looked at the differences between plant and animal cells.  Here is what we discovered:

We had a hard time slicing the cork thin enough to really see the individual cells, but after trying again the next day I was able to see the cells more clearly.  The next part of the experiment involves cutting onion, and I for one, was happy no one broke out in tears.  I wrestled a tiny piece of the epidermis unto the slide, added Iodine to stain the cell and here’s what we were able to see:

Next we compared some plant cells (Zea Mays and Ranunculus) to animals cells (Hydra).  Because of the 3D quality of the Hydra, it was difficult to get a good photo, but here goes:

We loved the geometric quality of this specimen.  Reminds me of my old favorite toy, the Spirograph!  Next up was the Ranunculous root:

The Hydra cells did not resemble the plant cells in any way:

In Experiment 6.2, we were fortunate to observe Cytoplasmic Streaming and Plasmolysis!  I attempted making a video, but haven’t figured out how to edit it yet.  It’s a little long, so once you’ve watched long enough to see the chlorplasts and the cytoplasmic streaming, you can fast forward about half way through the video.  At that point, a salt water solution was introduced and you can see what happens:

For the final part of the experiment, a banana was introduced and we reminsced about Donkey Kong!  Ba-Na-Na!  Who can ever look at bananas the same again?  We made our banana smear and stained it with Ionine.  You can clearly see the large cells with the darkly stained Leukoplasts:

Ignore the air bubble and he’ll go away!

And lastly, no study of the cell would be complete without the Edible Cell Project.  I was secretly hoping for something gooey and disgusting, but they all did an amazing job!   You can click the picture to see a larger image.

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Apologia Biology: Module 6, The Cell

Yikes!  The complexity within a single, microscopic cell is amazing!  In fact, it is so complex, that Module 6 has 45 vocabulary words to learn!   But don’t be overwhelmed.

Try to compartmentalize the words into groups and pay close attention to root words, prefixes and suffixes wherever you can.   Completing your cell illustration will help; label cell parts, then describe the function. (You will need that for your edible cell project!)   To further compartmentalize, look at similarities in the words.  For example the following words have the suffix, -tion, meaning a process of:

absorption, disgestion, respiration, excretion, egestion, secretion,

reproduction, secretion vesicle

Look at the following words and see how they are inter-related; all of them contain -plasm:

plasma membrane, cytoplasm, cytoplasmic streaming,

endoplasmic reticulum, plasmolysis

To go along with that did you know the prefix endo-, means within?  (You may come across that again with other words in the course.)  The suffix -lysis means to break down.


Found these young men rapping about the parts of an animal cell and their functions:

Here are a couple of links that go along with the study of cells:

Explore this 3-D Cell courtesy of Queen Mary University of London

The Incredible Edible Cell project courtesy of

This next post includes pictures of our Incredible Edible Cells!  Module 6: Experiments (Microscopic Images and Video)

Study Link:  Flashcards & Games at

Disclaimer:  No compensation of any kind has been received for promoting the websites and links contained in this post. 

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